Iranian pistachios include many local name and each name represent a region shape or quality type. However in term of shapes there are in four main groups. All types can be founded in Iran market in raw or roasted with several production offers such as mechanically, opened or closed pistachio, roasted and salted, roasted and salted with added lime.
Iranian Pistachio Varieties
Round Type "Fandoghi":
It is one of the most important commercial cultivars of pistachio. It is well-established and adaptable to most regions in which pistachio is cultivated. It is produced in 60% to 70% of pistachio orchards of Rafsanjan. It is round and sorted in sizes of 28/30 and 30/32. The tree is almost 3 m high with average growth and extensive crown.
JUMBO Type "Kalleghuchi":
Relatively high yield andlarge kernel are the contributing factors in its selection and expansion. It has stronger and stiffer branches compared with “Fandoghi”.It isround and relatively large. KalleghuchiPistachio is sorted in sizes of 22/24, 20/22 and 20/22. Its tree is more sensitive to shortage of water and lack of nutrient.
Long Type "Ahmad Aghaie":
It is one of the commercial and high quality cultivars. It is long and its shell is white in color. Ahmad Aghaie Pistachio is sorted in sizes of 22/26, 22/24 and 20/22. Its kernel skin is red and the kernel is green in color, which have led to its high grade compared with the other types of pistachio.
Long Type "Akbari":
It is one of the commercial types of pistachio and economically has the highest value. Its kernel is long and large. It is sorted in sizes of 22/24, 20/22 and 18/20. Excessive vegetative growth and serotinousand large crop are among specifications of this type. It can be harvested in the middle of September. It is more resistant to heat stroke.